- Intellectual property rights
- Copyright (intellectual property protection)
- Patent rights
- Trademark rights
- Design protection
Intellectual property rights include design- and trademark rights, patents and copyrights, as well as corporate secrets. The term is often referred to in its abbreviated form; IPR.
An intellectual property is an artistic, scientific or literary man-made work of any kind, regardless of way or form of expression. Copyright arises in the moment the work is created. A requirement is that the author's work results in something new and original that expresses an individual creative effort. The copyright lasts for the lifespan of the creator and 70 years after the year of his/her passing. Example of intellectual property works are for example a paper you have written, a song you have composed, articles, pictures and the like.
An invention must present a practical solution to a problem. The solution must be of a technical character, have a technical effect and be reproducible and industrially exploitable (in the broad sense).
A patent gives the proprietor the exclusive right to commercially exploit the invention for a certain period of time. To get a patent, you must first have an original idea that meets certain requirements. In addition, you must send a written application to the Industrial Property Office. If you are granted the patent, this will apply for approximately 20 years. Patentable goods could include square soft drink bottles (more convenient as they are easier to stack) or a programme that locates keys / wallets using chip / GPS.
A trademark is a distinguishing feature (a name, logo, symbol, a theme song or a slogan) for goods or services meant to display its commercial origin. To create a trademark, you must submit an application to the Industrial Property Office. The trademark will then be registered for ten years. You can renew your registration an unlimited number of times. Examples of trademarks include Freia's milk chocolate, Apple's apple and "Once you pop... you can’t stop".
Design and pattern protection implies that you have the exclusive right to exploit a particular design or pattern. It is the appearance of the good that is protected. With design or pattern protection, you can prevent others from producing and selling or importing the design you have protected. To receive design and pattern protection, you must send a written application to the Industrial Property Office. The protection will last for five years before you will have to apply again. The registration can be renewed so that the total period of protection is 25 years. Examples include designs on chairs or toothbrushes, or ornaments on dishes or wallpaper.
A database consists of information collected in connection with a survey and may consist of an assembly of a large amount of data. A database can form the basis for the results that appear in an R&D project.